Some Gypsy & dance references

This will be a little different to the usual post, as I am asking for people’s thoughts and opinions about some websites.

This link popped up on Facebook and after reading through it, I wasn’t happy with some of the theories it presented as fact. At least, not about the dance anyway. Such as it being only from fertility cults, Egypt importing Indian dancers in 1500 BC etc.– Gypsy research.

None of the geocities links work, but there is a link to a Sir Richard Burton book- The Jew, the Gypsy and El Islam. This is a pdf download rife with anti-semitic sentiments. A link to the book minus the anti-semitic nonsense can be found here in the Internet Archive- The Jew, The Gypsy, and El Islam.

Please look through the page and let me know what you think. I would love a factual discussion!

Flamenco & the Zambra Mora

This clip was done by Nesma, a dancer in Spain. Many people believe that Flamenco originated in the dances of the Moors. The Moriscos danced what is known as the Zambra Mora, which was forbidden and then they were expelled.These two clips are done by Puela Lunaris, who runs Dances of the World.This clip was done by Anjelica Scannura, a teacher at the Arabesque Academy. There are also many more clips of Flamenco & Zambra Mora on the Ana Otero YouTube Channel.
Exploring Flamenco’s Arab Roots by Greg Noakes. From Saudi Aramco World.
Zambra Mora by unknown author on
Zambra Mora by Ana Ruiz. This is a chapter of her book about Zambra Mora but her book Vibrant Andalusia: the spice of life in southern Spain can be read via Google Books. Preview only.
The Zambra Mora (also known as Danza Mora) by Maureen Theresa.
Andalusian, Gypsy, and Class Identity in the Contemporary Flamenco Complex by Peter Manuel. JStor article.
Dances for the Royal Festivities in Madrid in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries by David Sanchez Cano. JStor article.


A folkloric dance that is an offshoot from Sufi Whirling Dervishes. They are normally performed for tourists now, but I am unsure how long they have been performed.
Unfortunately the video is not great in that clip. Performed by Osama Mimi Farag.
This clip was done by Tara, a professional bellydancer in London.

If anyone out there has anything on this very striking dance, please let me know. This is what I have found so far.
Tannoura by Aleta Quinn.
Hodjapasha Culture Center– article on Rumi.
The Egyptian Castle– El Tanoura.
The Mawlawi Museum and the Sunqur Sa’di Madrasa by Lara Iskander.

Dancers on clothing

This is an ornamental shoulder band, made in Byzantine Egypt, in the first half of the 7th century. It is a linen base with wool tapestry weaving. It is 5.45 cm high and 60.65 cm wide, using indigo and kermes dyes. Currently in the Cleveland Museum of Art.
Sorry, this is the largest picture I could find. It is two naked dancers, woven in silk. Thought to have been made in the Ummayad or Abbasid period of the 8th century, it decorated a tunic. The dimensions are 15.5cm x 14cm, the fabric is a weft-faced plain weave with inner warps. The dancers are holding pomegranates and branches. From the AMICA Library.

Both of these textiles are from Egypt.

A flask with a Persian dancer

This is a flask with a flattened body, thought to have been made in the early 17th century. Made in Isfahan, Iran out of siliceous clay paste ware, molded decoration under a coloured glaze, it has a height of 22.5 cm. One side has a dancer with a seated man, on the other side is a female tambourine player. Both are set in a garden. The detail of the dancing scene-

It is currently in the Louvre.