Four Seljuk rings

This 12th-13th century ring is made of silver and gold with the diametre of 2.5cm.


There is a carved seal of purple stone and a calligraphic niello design on the under side.

The inscription on the seal reads-

“bi’llah yathiq ‘ali”

which in English means “Ali puts his trust in God”. The second inscription around the bezel reads-

“al-‘izz al-da/’im wa al-i/qbal al/ al-baqa”

which in English translates to “Perpetual Glory, Prosperity, and Long-life.” The final inscription has not been translated. The ring was sold by Sotheby’s for 27,500 GBP.

seljukring2 This 12th-13th century ring of gold has a bezel decorated with two birds, inside a cartouche surrounded by arabesques and human figures holding up pseudo claw settings. The ring is 1.7 cm high. Sold by Christie’s for 2,115 GBP.

This 12th-13th century gold ring is decorated in a hexagonal shape with niello in a curling arabesque design and a calligraphic inscription that reads-

“Abu Bakr Musa”

who was the owner of the ring. The band of the ring has harpies and palmettes. It is 1.9 cm high. It was sold by Bonhams for 1,800 GBP.


This high stirrup ring is 9th-11th century silver, with a high raised bezel setting with an amethyst. There is a calligraphic kufic inscription which reads in English-

“Blessing to Hasan”

who is the owner of the ring. It is 3.8cm high. It had been passed in at Bonhams.

The citadel and old city of Bam, Iran

BAM_IR2726 Taken from Wikimedia Commons.

The citadel and old city of Bam in Iran has been inhabited since the time of the Parthian Empire, which was between 247 B.C.E to 224 C.E. However, the city became an important stop on the silk and cotton trade route, specialising in garments sewn from the imported textiles during the 7th to 11th century C.E.

Bam has been placed on the UNESCO World Heritage list as being one of the best fortified city and citadel built with layers of mud and mud bricks. It is also an oasis area of the Kerman Province with underground irrigation pipes that can be dated from the time of original settlement.

Unfortunately in 2003 there was a major earthquake that severely damaged the old city and citadel.
Destruction_of_the_Bam_Citadel Taken from Wikimedia Commons.

Since 2004 UNESCO and the Iranian Government have had a reconstruction plan in place to rebuild the city using traditional techniques with only a few modern additions.

My own Persian Cloud Collar research

I have been conducting my own research into Persian cloud collars. My work is very much based on other Scadian’s work.

This is just the beginning- I have found over 100 illuminations of cloud collars but have only included two in the article. Very much a work in progress!

Let me know what you think!

cloudcollararticle PDF

A dancer with a Vina

dancerwithavina17thcent This picture is 17th century Persian, although originally found in Turkey. It is a leaf from a manuscript, 11 cm by 19.1 cm. The dancer is holding a vina, which is an Indian instrument. The picture is currently in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Recommended reading about Indian music
Saṅgītaśiromaṇi: A Medieval Handbook of Indian Music edited by Emmie Te Nijenhuis. Via Google Books.

Musical Instruments of the Indian Subcontinent by Allen Roda. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.

History of Indian music by P. Sambamoorthy. Via Internet Archive.

More bowls from the South Australian exhibit

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA This bowl is from 10th-11th century Iran. OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA This is made of earthenware with under-glaze slip decorations of the zodiac sign of Capricorn.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA This bowl is also from the 10th-11th century Iran. OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA Made from earthenware, it has under-glaze slip decoration of the zodiac sign Leo. The kiln firing caused part of the glaze to melt & blur.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA This bowl was made in the 13th century in central Iran. OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA It is made from stone paste earthenware, with under-glaze decorations of birds and scroll work.


The bowl made made between the 10th-11th century in Iran. OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA It is made from stone paste earthenware with lustre glaze decorations of calligraphy and scrolled flowers.

More ceramics from the South Australian exhibit

More thanks go to Mistress ffride wlffsdotter, who has been most gently encouraging me to post these beautiful pictures she took.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA This bowl is from 13th-14th century Iran.OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA It is stone paste earthenware with lustre decoration of three people in a garden. It is part of the Gallery’s permanent collection. The size of the bowl is 22.4 cm.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA This bowl is also 13th century from Iran. OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA The bowl is 21.4 cm, stone paste earthenware with underglaze and lustre decorations of the story of Bahram Gur. The bowl is in the permanent collection of the Gallery.

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA This bowl is from 10th century Iran. OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA The bowl is earthenware with underglaze slip decorations of a “cosmic prince” a zodiac symbol of the sun.