Taken from Wikimedia Commons.
The citadel and old city of Bam in Iran has been inhabited since the time of the Parthian Empire, which was between 247 B.C.E to 224 C.E. However, the city became an important stop on the silk and cotton trade route, specialising in garments sewn from the imported textiles during the 7th to 11th century C.E.
Bam has been placed on the UNESCO World Heritage list as being one of the best fortified city and citadel built with layers of mud and mud bricks. It is also an oasis area of the Kerman Province with underground irrigation pipes that can be dated from the time of original settlement.
Unfortunately in 2003 there was a major earthquake that severely damaged the old city and citadel.
Taken from Wikimedia Commons.
Since 2004 UNESCO and the Iranian Government have had a reconstruction plan in place to rebuild the city using traditional techniques with only a few modern additions.
I have been conducting my own research into Persian cloud collars. My work is very much based on other Scadian’s work.
This is just the beginning- I have found over 100 illuminations of cloud collars but have only included two in the article. Very much a work in progress!
Let me know what you think!
This picture is 17th century Persian, although originally found in Turkey. It is a leaf from a manuscript, 11 cm by 19.1 cm. The dancer is holding a vina, which is an Indian instrument. The picture is currently in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Recommended reading about Indian music
Saṅgītaśiromaṇi: A Medieval Handbook of Indian Music edited by Emmie Te Nijenhuis. Via Google Books.
Musical Instruments of the Indian Subcontinent by Allen Roda. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.
History of Indian music by P. Sambamoorthy. Via Internet Archive.
This vase is from the Seljuk period in Iran, 12th century C.E. It is a molded vase with a cobalt blue glaze, 26.6cm high and 15.8cm wide.
The molded decorations are of dancing figures It is currently in the Yale University Art Gallery.
This bowl is from 10th-11th century Iran. This is made of earthenware with under-glaze slip decorations of the zodiac sign of Capricorn.
This bowl is also from the 10th-11th century Iran. Made from earthenware, it has under-glaze slip decoration of the zodiac sign Leo. The kiln firing caused part of the glaze to melt & blur.
This bowl was made in the 13th century in central Iran. It is made from stone paste earthenware, with under-glaze decorations of birds and scroll work.
The bowl made made between the 10th-11th century in Iran. It is made from stone paste earthenware with lustre glaze decorations of calligraphy and scrolled flowers.
More thanks go to Mistress ffride wlffsdotter, who has been most gently encouraging me to post these beautiful pictures she took.
This bowl is from 13th-14th century Iran. It is stone paste earthenware with lustre decoration of three people in a garden. It is part of the Gallery’s permanent collection. The size of the bowl is 22.4 cm.
This bowl is also 13th century from Iran. The bowl is 21.4 cm, stone paste earthenware with underglaze and lustre decorations of the story of Bahram Gur. The bowl is in the permanent collection of the Gallery.
This bowl is from 10th century Iran. The bowl is earthenware with underglaze slip decorations of a “cosmic prince” a zodiac symbol of the sun.
This is a brass amulet from Ghaznavid ruled Persia in the 10th century. The amulet is pierced and incised brass which is 2.4 cm in diametre. It is in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
This amulet case is silver inlaid with black niello and made between the 10th-11th century in Samanid ruled Iran. The niello is in curlicue and kufic inscription. The inscription is a blessing for a man named Hasan ibn Ahmad, probably the owner of the case. It would have held a verse of the Qur’an. The size is 4.6 cm by 4.3 cm by 1.2 cm. The amulet is in the the David Collection.
This amulet case is from the early 12th century Seljuk Empire. It is 3.4 cm wide, made of gold and decorated by repoussé with a kufic inscription. It was sold by Christies for £5,875 ($9,306).
This case is also gold decorated by repoussé but from north-east Iran ruled the Ghurid Dynasty. It is 4.5 cm wide, with a kufic inscription al-mulk li’llah or ‘Sovreignty is God’s’. It was sold by Christies for £16,100 ($32,764).
The cases would have held text from the Qur’an such as-
This scroll is from the 14th century to be kept in a case. It is 755 cm long and 10 cm wide. It contains 114 chapters of the Qur’an (or suras) as well as the 99 names of Allah. It is in the David Collection.
Islamic Jewelry in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by Marilyn Jenkins & Manuel Keene. Via Google Books.
Please see the previous post Islamic amulets for more recommended reading.