This picture is 17th century Persian, although originally found in Turkey. It is a leaf from a manuscript, 11 cm by 19.1 cm. The dancer is holding a vina, which is an Indian instrument. The picture is currently in the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Recommended reading about Indian music
Saṅgītaśiromaṇi: A Medieval Handbook of Indian Music edited by Emmie Te Nijenhuis. Via Google Books.
Musical Instruments of the Indian Subcontinent by Allen Roda. Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.
History of Indian music by P. Sambamoorthy. Via Internet Archive.