Coptic jewelry

copticbracelet7thcent This iron bracelet with inset bronze disks was made in Maghagha, Egypt between the 6th and 7th century C.E. It has a diameter of 7 centimeters. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

copticnecklace7thcent This rock crystal necklace was made between the 6th-8th century C.E. It was found on the grounds of Medinet Habu in Egypt. It was found on a church dedicated to Saint Theodore Stratelates, which had been built on the Temple site. The necklace is 66 cm by 1.1 cm. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

copticearring3rdcent This earring was made in the 2nd-3rd century C.E. in the Kharga Oasis, in Byzantine ruled Egypt. It is granulated gold with pearls and semi-precious gems. The dimensions are 7.7 cm by 3.2 cm by 0.5 cm. It is currently in the Metroploitan Museum of Art.

copticearrings2 These earrings are gold, made in the 6th-7th century in Egypt. The dimensions are 6.3 cm by 2.7 cm. These earrings are in the Brooklyn Museum.

copticearrings3 This earring was thought to have been made in the 6th century C.E. It is made out of gold, with the diameter of the hoop 2.5 cm. The other dimensions are 4.6 cm by 2.4 cm by 0.6 cm. It is currently in the Brooklyn Museum.

copticring This bronze ring was made in the 6th-7th century C.E. The diameter of the ring is 2.4 cm, with the bezel being 1.6 cm. Detail of the bezel-copticbezeldetail The ring is currently in the Brooklyn Museum.

The Roman Synagogue of Hammam-Lif

In 1883 French soldiers uncovered the ruins of a 1st-6th century synagogue in Tunisia, in a town called Hammam-Lif. Originally thought to have been a church due to the structure, it became obvious what the original site was once the floor mosaics were uncovered.
hammamlifmenorah This mosaic is of a menorah, made of stone and mortar. The size is 4.4cm by 89.5cm by 57 cm and dates to the 6th century C.E.
hammamlifetroglulav This mosaic is a menorah with an etrog and lulav. The size is 4.4 cm by 88.7cm by 57.5cm and also dates to the 6th century C.E.

The synagogue was built over the Roman and Byzantine time period. Rome was also personified in a mosaic.
hammamlifroma This particular mosaic dates from the 1st-2nd century C.E. and the size is 3.2cm thick with a 53.9cm diametre. Many of the mosaics can be seen on the Brooklyn Museum website.

Recommended reading
The Mosaics of Hammam Lif by Franklin M. Biebel. JStor article.

Ancient Jewish Art and Archaeology in the Diaspora by Rāḥēl Ḥa̱klîlî. Via Google Books.

The Ancient Synagogue: The First Thousand Years by Lee I. Levine. Via Google Books.

Inscribing Devotion and Death: Archaeological Evidence for Jewish Populations by Karen B. Stern. Via Google Books.

Synagogue at Hammam-Lif by Yitzchak Schwartz. Exhibition blog entry for the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Jewish Pilgrimage glass

jewbyzoctbottle This is a moulded glass bottle, made between 500-650 C.E. It is octagonal in shape, 9.2 cm by 9.4 cm by 9.4 cm. It is decorated with the Jewish symbols of the menorah, the shofar, an incense shovel and the lulav. The bottle was made in Byzantine ruled Syria and was thought to have been made for Jewish pilgrims going to the Holy Land. The bottle is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

blackoctbottle This bottle also is octagonally shaped but the dimensions are 8.1 cm by 7 cm by 7.7 cm. The bottle also has been decorated with the Jewish symbols of the lulav, menorah, incense shovel and shofar. It was mold-blown glass, made between 578–636 C.E. The bottle is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

jewbyzhexjug This molded glass jug is hexagonal in shape and also decorated with the Jewish symbols mentioned above. The dimensions are 15.7 cm by 7.4 cm by 6.8 cm. The jug is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. All three items were thought to have been made in the one workshop.

Recommended reading
Population, Settlement and Economy in Late Roman and Byzantine Palestine (70-641 AD) by Doron Bar. JStor article.
A Court Jew’s Silver Cup by Vivian B. Mann. Metropolitan Museum Journal.
An Empire’s New Holy Land: The Byzantine Period by S. Thomas Parker. JStor article.
Judaism During the Byzantine Period by Yitzchak Schwartz. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Blog.
Religious Contacts in Byzantine Palestine by Gedaliahu G. Stroumsa. JStor article.

Some Byzantine jewelry from the 6th-7th century

byzearringwithpearls This earring is made from gold wire with pearls and sapphires. It is 6.1 cm by 2.4 cm by 1.2 cm. The weight of the earring is 12 grams. The earring is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

byzearringwithdroppearls This earring is also made from gold wire with braided gold and pearls. The ring is 2.5 cm, with the earring itself being 8.3 cm by 3.1 cm overall with a thickness of 0.7 cm. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

byzearringhalfmoon This gold earring was made using a technique called opus interrasile, or pierced openwork, with two peacocks used in the design. It is 5.5 cm by 4.9 cm with a thickness of 0.3 cm. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

byznecklacewithpendants This necklace is gold, with gold pendants that have been made from a sheet that was also decorated with opus interrasile but with wire beading (granulation) too. Detail- byznecklacedetail The pendants have been separated with gold tubes made from sheet gold with wire beading. The chain is 55 cm, the medallion pendants are 4.9 cm by 3.8 cm with a 0.7 cm thickness. The petal pendant is 4.7 cm by 2.6 cm with the same thickness. The tubes are 3.6 and 0.9 cm thick. The necklace is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

byzivybracelet This bracelet has been made using opus interrasile, with ivy leaf scrolls. The bracelet is 17.8 cm around, 3.1 cm wide with a thickness of 0.5 cm. The bracelet is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Recommended reading
The Met has publications covering Byzantine art & jewelry available for sale and download (in pdf format).

From Attila to Charlemagne: Arts of the Early Medieval Period in The Metropolitan Museum of Art edited by Brown, K.; Little, C. and Kidd, D. Publication available for download.

The Glory of Byzantium: Art and Culture of the Middle Byzantine Era, A.D. 843–1261 edited by Evans, H & Wixom, W. Publication available for download.

Byzantium and Islam: Age of Transition edited by Evans, H. Publication available for purchase.

A Byzantine Egyptian comb

byzegyptcomb This is an elephant ivory comb found in Antinoe, Egypt which dates from the 5th century C.E. At that time Egypt was under the Byzantine Empire. The comb is 6.7 cm long and 17 cm high. Whilst many of the teeth are not remaining, the carved picture remains. byzegyptcombfrontdetail The carving is of a pantomime or dance competition. There are three figures (one man and two women) as well as a Greek inscription. byzegyptcombreverse The Greek inscription says “Long live Helladia’s fortune and the Blues! Amen!”. The central figure would have been the actress Helladia, with the comb inscribed to celebrate her victory in the competition. The Greek inscription also has a reference to the Blues, known as one of the Circus factions of Egypt. The comb is in the Louvre Museum.

Byzantine Egyptian Ivory

This ivory of a female nude was carved in 5th century Egypt, which was under Byzantine rule at the time. It is 11 x 4.8 cm, carved in high relief on a background that had been broken away. The ivory is missing her left arm and bottom of her legs. The ivory is at the Walters Art Museum.
Recommended reading
Egypt in the Byzantine World, 300-700 by Roger S. Bagnall. Via Google Books.
The Arts of Byzantium by Helen C. Evans, Melanie Holcomb and Robert Hallman. JStor article.
Transfigurations of Hellenism by László Török. Via Scribd.

Ivory & wood jewelry box

This box was made in Byzantine Egypt in the 4th-6th centuries. The item is 34.3 x 35.6 x 30.5 cm and is made of ivory (bone), wood and wax. Two different carving types are used. The first type is figures in raised relief, which was used on the figures on the lid. The second is deep outlines filled with coloured wax, such as the dancers and fawns. The coloured dancers appear to be dancing with a tambour on the lid- I am happy to be corrected if anyone knows the correct terms for the instrument! The box is currently at the Walters Art Museum.