This textile was made in either Iran or Iraq in the 11th century, under the Buyids. It is 31.5 cm by 40.5 cm and the base fabric is mulham (silk warp and cotton weft fabric) tabby woven with silk and gold thread embroidery. It has two tiraz inscriptions, which read (on the top)-
“. . . command and glory and power and good fortune and . . . peace and command and command [one word garbled].”
with the text on the bottom-
“. . . [the Compassionat]te [?]. Praise be to God, Lord of the worlds and the wor[lds?].”
The textile is in the Cleveland Museum of Art, accession number 1938.300.
Also thought to have been made in the 11th century in either Iran or Iraq, this textile is 40 cm by 26 cm. Also mulham ground fabric embroidered in silk and gold wrapped thread, with roundels of birds and animals. There is a tiraz at the bottom, but no translation is available. It is currently in the Cleveland Museum of Art accession number 1952.257.
This textile was thought to have been made in either Iran or Iraq during the time of the Seljuk Empire. The base fabric is mulham (silk warp thread with cotton weft thread) woven into a tabby or plain weave. The embroidery is a tiraz, sewn in silk and gold metal thread with the dimensions being 6cm high and 19.7cm wide. The textile’s accession number is 1950.560.
This textile was thought to have been made in the 12th century in either Iraq or Iran. Like the previous textile, it is also mulham tabby weave embroidered with silk and gold metal thread. The dimensions are 14.6cm high and 8cm wide. This textile’s accession number is 1950.561.
This textile is also like the other textiles- mulham tabby weave with silk and gold metal embroidery from the 12th century. The dimensions are 7cm high and 23.5cm wide in a roundel design with a bird in the centre. The accession number is 1950.562 with another view of the textile available on the page.
This textile is the same as the previous- mulham tabby weave with silk and gold metal embroidery. The dimensions are 7.3cm high and 21.6 cm wide. The accession number is 1950.533 with another view of the textile available on the site.
Ars Islamica, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1934. Via the Internet Archive.
Ancient Silk Textiles in the Land of Israel by Shamir O. and Baginski A. in Resist Dye on the Silk road: Shibori, Clamp Resist and Ikat. Proceeding of the 9th International Shibori Symposium in Hangzhou, China. Pp. 25-31. Via Academia.edu.
Tiraz: Textiles and Dress with Inscriptions in Central and Southwest Asia by Margaret Anne Deppe. PDF file.
Taken from Wikimedia Commons.
The citadel and old city of Bam in Iran has been inhabited since the time of the Parthian Empire, which was between 247 B.C.E to 224 C.E. However, the city became an important stop on the silk and cotton trade route, specialising in garments sewn from the imported textiles during the 7th to 11th century C.E.
Bam has been placed on the UNESCO World Heritage list as being one of the best fortified city and citadel built with layers of mud and mud bricks. It is also an oasis area of the Kerman Province with underground irrigation pipes that can be dated from the time of original settlement.
Unfortunately in 2003 there was a major earthquake that severely damaged the old city and citadel.
Taken from Wikimedia Commons.
Since 2004 UNESCO and the Iranian Government have had a reconstruction plan in place to rebuild the city using traditional techniques with only a few modern additions.
This pendant was thought to have been made in Seljuk ruled Iran between the 11th and 12th century. It is made of gold openwork filigree with gold granulation. The diametre is 5.9 cm. It is currently on show at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This pendant was also thought to have been made between the 11th-12th century in Iran. It is of gold sheeting decorated with gold filigree set with pink tourmaline and turquoise. It is currently on show in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This pendant was thought to have been made in the 12th century in Iran. It is made of gold sheet decorated with filigree. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This bird pendant was thought to have been made in the 12th century in Iran. It was made of cut gold sheet decorated with filigree. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This pendant was thought to have been made between the 12th-13th century in Iran. It was made with gold sheeting, filigree, and jade. The dimensions are 3.2 cm by 5.1 cm. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Islamic Jewelry in the Metropolitan Museum of Art edited by M. Jenkins, M. Keene. Published by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Via Google Books.
Adornment, Identity, and Authenticity: Ancient Jewelry In and Out of Context by Megan Cifarelli. In the American Journal of Archaeology, Issue 114.1, January 2010. PDF document.
This bowl is from 10th-11th century Iran. This is made of earthenware with under-glaze slip decorations of the zodiac sign of Capricorn.
This bowl is also from the 10th-11th century Iran. Made from earthenware, it has under-glaze slip decoration of the zodiac sign Leo. The kiln firing caused part of the glaze to melt & blur.
This bowl was made in the 13th century in central Iran. It is made from stone paste earthenware, with under-glaze decorations of birds and scroll work.
The bowl made made between the 10th-11th century in Iran. It is made from stone paste earthenware with lustre glaze decorations of calligraphy and scrolled flowers.
This pair of bracelets are from between the 11th to 13th century. They have a diametre of 6.8cm and are made from braided gold wire with a centralised pin with niello arabesque vines. They were sold by Christies for $15,920 (£10,000).
This ring was thought to have been made between the 12th to 13th century. It is gold decorated with palmettes inlaid with niello, with five claws. The inscription on the seal is “Paying heed to eternity is sufficient to gain everlasting life” and has a height of 2.5 cm. It was sold by Christies for $2,932 (£2,000).
This 11th century gold roundel is made of filigree with granulation. It has a diametre of 7.1 cm and was thought to have been either clothing or head gear adornment. It would have also been inset with stones. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This 12th to 13th century hair ornament was made from gold sheet engraved and decorated with gold wire and granulation over a copper inner sleeve. It is 7 cm long and 2.1 cm wide. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This gold earring was thought to have been made between the 12th and 13th century. It is gold filigree with granulation. It is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Gifts and Gift Exchange as Aspects of the Byzantine, Arab, and Related Economies by Anthony Cutler. JStor article.
Near Eastern Jewelry and Metalwork by Maurice S. Dimand. JStor article.
Islamic Jewelry in The Metropolitan Museum of Art by Jenkins, Marilyn, and Manuel Keene. A Metropolitan Museum of Art book available for pdf download.
This is a brass amulet from Ghaznavid ruled Persia in the 10th century. The amulet is pierced and incised brass which is 2.4 cm in diametre. It is in the Los Angeles County Museum of Art.
This amulet case is silver inlaid with black niello and made between the 10th-11th century in Samanid ruled Iran. The niello is in curlicue and kufic inscription. The inscription is a blessing for a man named Hasan ibn Ahmad, probably the owner of the case. It would have held a verse of the Qur’an. The size is 4.6 cm by 4.3 cm by 1.2 cm. The amulet is in the the David Collection.
This amulet case is from the early 12th century Seljuk Empire. It is 3.4 cm wide, made of gold and decorated by repoussé with a kufic inscription. It was sold by Christies for £5,875 ($9,306).
This case is also gold decorated by repoussé but from north-east Iran ruled the Ghurid Dynasty. It is 4.5 cm wide, with a kufic inscription al-mulk li’llah or ‘Sovreignty is God’s’. It was sold by Christies for £16,100 ($32,764).
The cases would have held text from the Qur’an such as-
This scroll is from the 14th century to be kept in a case. It is 755 cm long and 10 cm wide. It contains 114 chapters of the Qur’an (or suras) as well as the 99 names of Allah. It is in the David Collection.
Islamic Jewelry in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by Marilyn Jenkins & Manuel Keene. Via Google Books.
Please see the previous post Islamic amulets for more recommended reading.