The Roman Synagogue of Hammam-Lif

In 1883 French soldiers uncovered the ruins of a 1st-6th century synagogue in Tunisia, in a town called Hammam-Lif. Originally thought to have been a church due to the structure, it became obvious what the original site was once the floor mosaics were uncovered.
hammamlifmenorah This mosaic is of a menorah, made of stone and mortar. The size is 4.4cm by 89.5cm by 57 cm and dates to the 6th century C.E.
hammamlifetroglulav This mosaic is a menorah with an etrog and lulav. The size is 4.4 cm by 88.7cm by 57.5cm and also dates to the 6th century C.E.

The synagogue was built over the Roman and Byzantine time period. Rome was also personified in a mosaic.
hammamlifroma This particular mosaic dates from the 1st-2nd century C.E. and the size is 3.2cm thick with a 53.9cm diametre. Many of the mosaics can be seen on the Brooklyn Museum website.

Recommended reading
The Mosaics of Hammam Lif by Franklin M. Biebel. JStor article.

Ancient Jewish Art and Archaeology in the Diaspora by Rāḥēl Ḥa̱klîlî. Via Google Books.

The Ancient Synagogue: The First Thousand Years by Lee I. Levine. Via Google Books.

Inscribing Devotion and Death: Archaeological Evidence for Jewish Populations by Karen B. Stern. Via Google Books.

Synagogue at Hammam-Lif by Yitzchak Schwartz. Exhibition blog entry for the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

A possible sleeve embroidery

ashmoleanchevron This textile was made in Egypt between the 10th and 15th century. It is linen embroidered in dark blue silk. On the left of the textile is a rolled hem sewn in flax. The size of the textile is 11cm by 5 cm. It is currently in the Ashmolean Museum.

I have charted up the design and it is available for download in pdf format.

ashmoleanchevron (PDF)

I would love to see pictures!

A fifth embroidered tunic

ashmoleantunic5 This textile was thought to have been made between the 10th-15th century in Egypt. It is made of linen, embroidered in blue cotton or wool. The textile is 22.5 cm by 29.5 cm with a selvage on the left. The textile is in the Ashmolean Museum.

I have charted up the diagonal double running design which is inside the inner squares.
ashmoleantunic5 The document is available for download as a pdf.
ashmoleantunic5 PDF

Let me know how the embroidery goes!

A fourth possible shirt embroidery

ashmoleantreesandtiraz This textile was thought to have been made between the 10th and 15th centuries C.E. in Egypt. It is linen, embroidered in blue silk in double running stitch. The size of the textile is 26.5 cm by 9.5 cm. In the middle of the textile there is a roll and fell seam sewn in flax, possibly from a shirt. The tiraz is in Kufic script, which translates as “blessing”.

The textile is currently in the Ashmolean Museum.

I have charted up the design & it is available for download as a pdf document.

ashmoleantreesandtiraz (pdf)

I would love to see any garb with this design!

A third possible tunic embroidery

ashmoleantunic2 This textile is Egyptian, made between the 10th and 15th century. It is 47 cm long and 5 cm wide. It is linen embroidered with tree designs in blue silk and a hem in brown silk. There are also two seams, one flat felled in the textile. It is currently in the Ashmolean Museum.

I have charted up the tree design. It is available in pdf format.
ashmoleantunic2 (pdf)

More tunic inspiration!

The second possible tunic embroidery

textilecanada1 This textile was made in Egypt between the 14th and 15th century. It is linen embroidered with red and blue silk, with a flat felled seam. It is 15.3 cm long and 49.6 cm wide. It is currently in the Textile Museum of Canada.

The textile is embroidered in double running stitch and pattern darning. I have charted up the design. It is available in pdf format.

textilemusofcantunic (pdf)

Good Luck!