The most famous of these gardens are in the Topkapi Serai. The Palace had been built on an olive grove. Suleiman the Magnificent was said to have planted over 1000 trees to improve the garden.
The above picture is a 16th century miniature of a garden party. These garden parties would have entertainers of all sorts, musicians, dancers, acrobats and poets, wandering around to entertain. The gardens would contain cypress trees and a fountain of at least one spout. The main focus of the garden, public or private, would be the pavilion. This would be situated for the best view.
The picture is of Suleiman with his son Mustafa resting in the garden pavilion (or Kiosk) listening to music. In the late period Ottoman empire, there were flower beds installed. Mainly to display tulips.
In 2006, an Ottoman garden was opened in St. Louis, Missouri. In the Missouri Botanical Garden it had been created by the Bakewell Family Trust. Photos are available to view on Flickr.
Gardenvisit.com– Topkapi Sarai.
Jrank– Early Ottoman Gardens.
Turkish Cultural Foundation– Turkish gardens during the Ottoman times.
Turkish Cultural Foundation– ‘Ottoman Garden’ in the US.
Saudi Aramco– An Ottoman Garden in St. Louis.
Cornucopia Issue 29 Book review for “A Garden For the Sultan”.
Middle East garden traditions by By Michel Conan, Dumbarton Oaks. Google books so only a preview.
History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Vol 1 by By Stanford J. Shaw. Google Books so only a preview.
Turkey by By Dana Facaros, Michael Pauls. Google Books so only a preview.