God’s wrath is His vinegar, mercy His honey.
These two are the basis of every oxymel.
If vinegar overpowers honey, a remedy is spoiled.
The people of the earth poured vinegar on Noah;
the Ocean of Divine Bounty poured sugar.
The Ocean replenished his sugar,
and overpowered the vinegar of the whole world.


An oxymel, known from the time of the ancient Greeks, is a cordial made from wine vinegar, water and sugar/honey. In the Middle East, oxymel is known as sekanjabin. It was considered a medicine, served warm. However, it was also served with ice. I have seen modern recipes that are served with cucumber.

Turmeric & Saffron has modern recipes for sekanjabin.
Cariadoc’s Miscellany has a drinks page.
Non Alcoholic Beverages of the Middle Ages written by HL Rory McGowen.
Cordials- Alcoholic or Non-Alcoholic Beverages written by Kara of Kirriemuir (PDF document).
Medieval Beverages on a Hot Day written by Mistress Euriol of Lothian aka Cassandra Baldassano (PDF document).

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