This textile was made in Egypt between the 14th and 15th century. It is linen embroidered with red and blue silk, with a flat felled seam. It is 15.3 cm long and 49.6 cm wide. It is currently in the Textile Museum of Canada.
The textile is embroidered in double running stitch and pattern darning. I have charted up the design. It is available in pdf format.
This textile was thought to have been made between the 10th-15th century C.E. in Egypt. It is 23 long and 20 cm wide. The textile is linen embroidered with blue silk in a double running stitch. There is a visible rolled hem on the bottom left of the textile, which had been sewn with flax.
The textile is made up of two pieces of linen sewn together using flax in a flat seam. The textile is currently in the Ashmolean Museum.
I have charted up the embroidery for use. It is in pdf format.
This textile is 64 cm long and 114 cm wide. It is made of plain woven linen with wool tapestry weave inserts. It was made by Coptic Egyptians between the 9th and 12th centuries C.E. It is currently in the Textile Museum of Canada. There is a zoom view available on the page.
This textile is 105 cm long and 122 cm wide. It is wool, with tapestry woven inserts of bird decorations and thought to have been made between the 6th and 7th centuries. The bottoms of the tunic is fringed. The tunic is in the Textile Museum of Canada. The tunic has a zoom view available on the page.
This tunic is 76.7 cm long and 112.3 cm wide. It is made of plain woven linen, with wool tapestry woven inserts and appliqué. It was thought to have been made between the 7th and 9th centuries. The tunic is currently in the Textile Museum of Canada. There is a zoom view available on the page.
This hat is 13.3 cm long and 16.6 cm wide with a circumference of 44.5 cm at the bottom of the hat. It is made of plain woven linen between the 5th and 9th centuries. The bottom was thought to have ear flaps. It is currently in the Textile Museum of Canada. There is a zoom view of the hat on the page.
This textile was thought to have been made in the 13th century by Mudéjar textile workers. The textile is 57.4 cm by 60.9 cm and made of linen with a silk twill weave. The textile is in the Art Institute of Chicago.
This textile was thought to have been made in the 14th century. It is silk in a lampas weave. The textile is 102 cm by 36.3 cm and features calligraphic inscriptions. The word felicity (الغبطة) is in kufic script and is mirrored in the weave. In the cartouches are the words good luck and prosperity (والیمن والإقبال ) in nakshi script. The textile is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This textile was thought to have been made in the 15th century. It is a silk lampas weave fragment, 34.2 cm by 25.2 cm. It is in the Cleveland Museum of Art.
This textile was thought to have been made around 1470 C.E. It is silk in a lampas weave. The size is 23.5 cm by 52.7 cm. The textile can be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. A matching textile can also be found in the Cleveland Museum of Art.
Mudéjar Art by Museum with No Frontiers.
Symbol, Pattern and Symmetry: The Cultural Significance of Structure by Michael Hann. Via Google Books.
Under The Influence: Questioning the Comparative in Medieval Castile edited by Cynthia Robinson and Leyla Rouhi. Via Google Books.
Two Medieval Silks from Spain by Dorothy G. Shepherd. JStor article.
Textiles from Old Spain by Adele Coulin Weibel. JStor article.
This textile is a linen sampler embroidered with silk. Made between the 15th-16th century in Egypt, it is 21cm high and 16.5cm wide. The textile was found in an Egyptian burial ground and was likely to have been the work of professional embroiderers. It is a mix of double running stitch and pattern darning. The textile is currently in the Victoria and Albert Museum.
I have charted up seven of the designs on the textile, although the textile had more designs that are no longer there. The layout-
The charts are in pdf format-
Let me know how the embroidery goes!
This textile, thought to have been a veil, was found in a reliquary in the Santa María del Rivero church alter. It had been wrapped around the item in the reliquary but the textile has now been restored.
It is 109 cm long and 18 cm wide base fabric of linen with the decoration a silk & linen tapestry weave. It has tiraz bands in the decoration, with the inscription of-
“In the name of god the indulgent, the merciful”
as well as-
“May divine blessing, prosperity and long life be attributed to the imam, god’s servant, Hisham, he who is the object of his benevolence, the emir of all believers.”
The kufic tiraz talks of Hisham, a 10th-11th century Caliph that ruled Cordoba during the Umayyad era. The animals in the tapestry woven roundels are birds and cats-
The textile can be seen through the Qantara website although the textile is in the Real Academia de la Historia in Madrid.
Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain edited Jerrilyn Dodds. Available to read online at the Internet Archive.
The Origin and Early Development of Floriated Kūfic by Adolf Grohmann. JStor article.
Material for a History of Islamic Textiles up to the Mongol Conquest by R. B. Serjeant. JStor article.
Ṭirāz Textiles from Egypt: Production, Administration and Uses of Ṭirāz Textiles from Egypt Under the Umayyad, ʻAbbāsid and Fāṭimid Dynasties by Jochen Sokoly. Phd thesis.
This textile comes from Spain, during the reign of the Nasrid dynasty in the 13th century. This textile is 7.6 cm high and 12.1 cm wide. It is silk, in a lampas weave, with gilt silk thread. It came from the vestment robes of the followers of St. Valerius and probably worn on January 22nd, the Feast day of St Valerius. The textile is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This textile is from 13th century Spain, also silk lampas with gilt silk thread. It is 10.3 cm high and 10.8 cm wide. The textile features tambourine players wearing clothes with geometric designs. This textile piece was found with other textile fragments in a 13th century manuscript in the cathedral of Vich. This textile can be found in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This textile is a 14th century Nasrid textile, also silk weave lampas with gilt silk thread. It is 11.4 cm high and 8.9 cm wide. The design of a geometric floral/star theme that is common in Nasrid textiles, illuminations, wood work, book binding and stucco work. This textile is in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Western Islamic Art by Don Aanavi. JStor article.
Nasrid plasterwork: symbolism, materials & techniques by Victor Borges. V&A Conservation Journal, Autumn 2004 Issue 48.
Masterpieces from the Department of Islamic Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art edited by Maryam Ekhtiar. Via Google Books.
Islamic tilings of the Alhambra Palace: teaching the beauty of mathematics by Raymond F. Tennant. Via Medievalist.net.
Geometric Patterns in Islamic Art by the Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History.
Islamic Art and Geometric Design by the Metropolitan Museum of Art. PDF format.
Plant motifs in Islamic art by the V&A Teachers’ Resource Guide.
Maths and Islamic art & design by the V&A Teachers’ Resource Guide.