The veil of Hisham II

veilofhishamii This textile, thought to have been a veil, was found in a reliquary in the Santa María del Rivero church alter. It had been wrapped around the item in the reliquary but the textile has now been restored.

It is 109 cm long and 18 cm wide base fabric of linen with the decoration a silk & linen tapestry weave. It has tiraz bands in the decoration, with the inscription of-

“In the name of god the indulgent, the merciful”

as well as-

“May divine blessing, prosperity and long life be attributed to the imam, god’s servant, Hisham, he who is the object of his benevolence, the emir of all believers.”

Tiraz detail-
hishamtirazdetail
The kufic tiraz talks of Hisham, a 10th-11th century Caliph that ruled Cordoba during the Umayyad era. The animals in the tapestry woven roundels are birds and cats- hishamveilroundeldetail
The textile can be seen through the Qantara website although the textile is in the Real Academia de la Historia in Madrid.

Recommended reading
Al-Andalus: The Art of Islamic Spain edited Jerrilyn Dodds. Available to read online at the Internet Archive.
The Origin and Early Development of Floriated Kūfic by Adolf Grohmann. JStor article.
Material for a History of Islamic Textiles up to the Mongol Conquest by R. B. Serjeant. JStor article.
Ṭirāz Textiles from Egypt: Production, Administration and Uses of Ṭirāz Textiles from Egypt Under the Umayyad, ʻAbbāsid and Fāṭimid Dynasties by Jochen Sokoly. Phd thesis.

Rock crystal chess pieces


This set is carved from rock crystal in Egypt in the 10th century. The set is incomplete as pieces were carved according to the crystal available, but the pieces are 2.5–4.5 cm high, 1.9–3.1 cm long with a width of 1.8–3 cm. Taken from Qantara.

From Egypt it was exported to Spain, where it ended up in the Collegiata de Àger (via Google Translate). The set has three queens, three bishops, two knights, a castle, ten pawns, and a rook in the shape of a molar.

This rook is in the Al Sabah Collection in Kuwait (go to the Jewellery and jewelled objects collection). However, this piece is 4.22cm high & 4.75cm wide and thought to be from Iran in the 9th-10th century.
Suggested Reading
Pieces Crystal and Osnabruck Set on Carolus Chess.