This was either a belt or horse bridle, thought to have been made in the royal workshop (due to the quality) in the 15th century in Granada, Spain. It is made of gilt copper with filigree, granulation and cloisonné enamel. The ornaments would have been threaded onto a leather belt, which can be seen in the side view- The detail of the larger ornament- Detail of another ornament- All of the ornaments have different decorations. The ornaments can be seen at the The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
These are earring elements, made of filigree gold and enamel. The 14th century elements are 3cm long and made of spiralling gold wire, the central band with cloisonné enamel lettering on a ground of gold spirals above a minor band of zigzags, the lower hemispherical portion with heart shaped gold spirals. The earrings were sold by Christies for £18,800 ($29,779).
This necklace is late 15th-16th century, made of filigreed and granulated gold with cloisonné enamel. While this was made by Nasrid craftsmen, the inscription is Latin- “Hail Mary, full of Grace” meaning it would have been made for a Christian. The medallion is 7.6 x 0.5 cm, the lotus bud is 8.4 x 5.2 x 0.5 cm with the largest of the cylinder beads 4.8 x 1.7 cm and the smallest 2.5 x 1.3 cm. It is currently in the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
This is a locket from a sword belt, made of gilded copper alloy, with granulation and cloisonné enamel. Thought to have been made between 1492-1550, it has a meaningless Arabic inscription. Most likely this was a trophy made from the “Reconquista” of Spain. It has a height of 7.3 cm, width of 14.6 cm and depth of 1.4 cm. The item is currently in the Victoria & Albert Museum.
The Survival of Nasrid Granada during the Reconquest by Marcel Abou-Assaly. Via Medievalists.net.
Moorish Spain by Richard Fletcher. Via Google Books.
The Art of Islamic Spain by Patricia, Countess Jellicoe. Via Saudi Aramco World.
The Muslims of Valencia in the Age of Fernando and Isabel by Mark D. Meyerson. Via Google Books.
Muqarnas edited by Gulru Necipoglu. Via Google Books.
These items of jewelry (including coins) were found in Murcia, Spain in a coin hoard. They are dated to the Umayyad period or 756–1031 C.E. This particular group was thought to have been made between 929-1010 C.E.
This is thought to have been part of a necklace, made of gilded silver and copper. With a diameter of 9.2 cm and depth: 1.5 cm, it is decorated with bosses and stamped with filigree.
This open filigree rosette is 2.8 cm high, 2.8 cm wide with a depth of 0.55 cm.
This Magen David or Star of David is gilded silver with filigree decorations. The diameter is 3.3 cm.
Also thought to have been part of a necklace, this necklace is made of gilded copper and silver with glass, coral and carnelian beads.
These are silver gilt filigree plaques possibly from a girdle. They have been set with glass, although four of the settings are missing. There are four square and three circular plaques, set alternatively with a height of 3.2 cm, width of 6.8 cm and depth of 0.6 cm.
This necklace is made of gilded silver filigree and pearls. The diameter is 10.5 cm and width of 0.5 cm with what looks like fresh water pearls.
This engraved gold sheet with filigree was also thought to be part of a girdle. The height is 4 cm, width: 21.1 cm and depth: 0.2 cm.
These earrings are gold with filigree rosettes with the largest earring having a height of 4.3 cm, width of 4 cm and depth: 1.7 cm. The smaller earring has a height of 4.2 cm, width of 3.8 cm and depth: 1.5 cm.
These stamped silver coins come from the reign of Al-Hakam II (961-976 C.E.) and his son Hisham II (976-1008 C.E.). The coins have a diameter of 2.2 cm and depth of 0.1 cm, on average. It was thought they were pierced to be placed on a headband.
This is a full length documentary on Moorish Spain. Small warning- the documentary is close to two hours long.
This is only a quick post about the great palace of the Alhambra, as it can be studied over a lifetime and still have more to study.There is a virtual walking tour of the Alhambra available called A Virtual Walking Tour: The Alhambra done through Saudi Aramco World. There is also another virtual tour through Columbia University. Tour the Alhambra requires Quicktime & Flash plugins.
The Alhambra by Robert Irwin. A Scribd document.
Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada on UNESCO.
If you are interested in any article on the topic of the Alhambra, Medievalists.net has many articles available here.
This clip was done by Nesma, a dancer in Spain. Many people believe that Flamenco originated in the dances of the Moors. The Moriscos danced what is known as the Zambra Mora, which was forbidden and then they were expelled.These two clips are done by Puela Lunaris, who runs Dances of the World.This clip was done by Anjelica Scannura, a teacher at the Arabesque Academy. There are also many more clips of Flamenco & Zambra Mora on the Ana Otero YouTube Channel.
Exploring Flamenco’s Arab Roots by Greg Noakes. From Saudi Aramco World.
Zambra Mora by unknown author on Fusion-bellydance.com.
Zambra Mora by Ana Ruiz. This is a chapter of her book about Zambra Mora but her book Vibrant Andalusia: the spice of life in southern Spain can be read via Google Books. Preview only.
The Zambra Mora (also known as Danza Mora) by Maureen Theresa.
Andalusian, Gypsy, and Class Identity in the Contemporary Flamenco Complex by Peter Manuel. JStor article.
Dances for the Royal Festivities in Madrid in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries by David Sanchez Cano. JStor article.
The artist singing the Andalo-Sephardi song is Amina Alaoui. She has studied Persian classical music but her interest in her family background took her to Spain and Gharnati music. This is a music style found in Morocco and Algeria, which can be traced back to the Al-Andalus and the city of Granada. The word Gharnati is Arabic for Granada. The Muslims left Spain in 1609 after they were expelled.
Amina Alaoui’s most recent album can be heard through ECM records or listened to & bought from Amazon.
This is an ivory chess piece from the Al-Andalus, 10th to 11th century. It has a female seated figure in a long tunic. She is sitting on a throne, while the ivory around her has been decorated with a hare and gazelles with palmettes in their mouthes. The piece is in the Dumbarton Oaks Museum in Washington.
Taken from Qantara.